Chile Facts:
Did You Know . . .?


  • Chiles have been in existence for over 10,000 years.
  • The Incas, Mayans and Aztecs had been using the chile pepper long before the Spanish Conquistadores arrived in the New World.
  • Archeologists have found a whole chile pod in a Peruvian cave that dates back to 6500 B.C.
  • Chiles were the first plants domesticated in the New World along with corn, squash and beans.
  • Chile peppers were cultivated as a crop as early as 3300 B.C.
  • Dr. Diego Alvarez Chanca, a physician on Columbus' second voyage to the West Indies in 1493, brought the first chile peppers to Spain, and first wrote about their medicinal effects in 1494.
  • Birds were mostly responsible for the spread of chile seeds throughout South and Central America.   
  • Chile peppers were once used as currency.
  • Aztec warriors drank chile-flavored hot chocolate before battle to calm their nerves.
  • New Mexico’s official state vegetable is the chile pepper. But it’s not really a vegetable according to horticulturists who classify it as a “fruit” and botanists who classify it as a “berry.” 
  • Salsas made from chile peppers surpassed ketchup as the American condiment of choice in 1999. 
  • New Mexico produces more chile than any other state in the U.S.  But the crop is down by 2/3 of what it was at its peak in the 1990s. Read more.






















Before reading the information on this page:

Test Your Chile IQ:
A Quiz for Chile Lovers

Once you take the quiz, rate yourself:

  • 100%  Congratulations!  You are a Chile Connoisseur!
  • 80-90%  Good job!  You are a Chile Aficionado!  A little more study and you'll be an expert!
  • 60-80% You might need a chile fix to heat up your chile knowledge!  Try again.
  • <60% Better start with the basics in Chile 101. Study and your knowledge will grow. 


BUENO® Chile Facts:

  • BUENO® Green Chile is picked, flame-roasted, peeled, packed and flash-frozen all within 24 hours of harvest.

  • BUENO® Green Chile is 100% green chile, naturally fat-free, cholesterol-free, has no citric acid , no preservatives, no additives, no flavor enhancers, and no salt.

  • Bueno Foods requires its farmers to use certified chile seed to maintain integrity of the genetic strain.

  • Bueno Foods employs a full time field inspector to monitor chile crops from planting through harvest.

  • Bueno Foods conducts 50 to 100 quality checks per hour to ensure superior product quality and food safety.





Red pepper may help burn calories

A study published in Physiology & Behavior shows that red pepper not only adds heat to food, it may also enhance the body’s heat by burning additional calories following a meal. The Purdue University researchers suggest that the active compound in red pepper, capsaicin, may be responsible for the benefits, and they conclude that eating foods prepared with red pepper may optimize this effect and aid weight management... Learn More

  • Ounce for ounce, green chile has more vitamin C than citrus fruits.
  • One teaspoon of red chile sauce may provide 100% RDA for Vitamin A.
  • Weight Watchers® has included chile peppers in their list of "eight super foods your body will thank you for eating."
  • Eating chile peppers burns calories by boosting the metabolism. 
  • Chile peppers make you feel good in the same way that exercise gives you “a high:”
  • It has been well documented that the chile pepper improves digestion, eases pain, and destroys bacteria.
  • The chile pepper is a nutrient dense food that contains naturally occurring calcium, iron, vitamins such as A, B2, B6, C, niacin and folate, minerals such as phosphorus and potassium and essential amino acids such as tryptophan, lysine, and phenylaine.
  • Using the chile pepper supports healthy cardiovascular, immune system, and digestive system function.
  • Creams made from capsaicin (the active ingredient in chile peppers that give peppers their heat) have been used to relieve back pain, muscle pain, nerve pain, and joint pain from arthritis, bursitis, fibromyalgia, diabetic neuropathy, etc.
  • Mayo reports that capsaicin is used to help relieve neuralgia (shingles) and minor pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis or muscle sprains and strains.
  • The American Association for Cancer Research reports studies suggesting capsaicin may kill prostate cancer cells.
  • There have been several clinical studies conducted in Japan and China that showed natural capsaicin directly inhibits the growth of leukemic cells.  Studies are ongoing.